Matala Pond Aerators can be used to oxygenate water in ponds, lakes, reservoirs, aquaculture tanks or aquariums. Proper aeration is essential for a healthy pond or water garden. Oxygen is the single most limiting factor in aquatic environments. Every effort should be made to provide and maintain adequate oxygen levels in your aquatic systems. During the summer season, a pond aerator can be used to provide sufficient amounts of oxygen within the pond and mix the cooler water from the bottom of the pond with the warmer water near the surface of the pond. A much healthier environment within your pond is created by this deep water circulation. During the winter, an aerator can be used not only to provide oxygen to the pond, but also to provide water movement at the surface to keep an area at the top of the pond from freezing.
Water aeration is often required in bodies or water that suffer from anoxic conditions, usually caused by adjacent human activities such as sewage discharges, agricultural run-off, or over-baiting a fishing lake. Aeration can be achieved through the infusion of air into the bottom of the lake, lagoon or pond or by surface agitation from a fountain or spray-like device to allow for oxygen exchange at the surface and the release of noxious gasses such as carbon dioxide, methane or hydrogen sulfide.
Dissolved oxygen (DO) is a major contributor to water quality. Not only do fish and other aquatic animals need it, but oxygen breathing aerobic bacteria decompose organic matter. When oxygen concentrations become low, anoxic conditions may develop which can decrease the ability of the water body to support life.
Lakes tend to accumulate a lot of organic debris over time. These organics are a nutrient pool of fertilizers that can cause algae to bloom. Excessive algae blooms in ponds without aeration can lead to fish mortality. Fortunately, naturally occuring bacteria can help reduce these bottom organics through the process of oxidation. Matala Aeration Systems speed up the process of oxidizing organic and mineral pollution by increasing oxygen thoughout the environment. By pumping compressed air to the bottom of a lake, lagoon or pond with the use of a diffuser, the rising air bubbles and the friction caused in the water will bring bottom water to the surface where it is exposed to the atmosphere. This is called an "airlift "and can transfer thousands of gallons of water circulation for very little electrical cost. Large volumes of water rising to the surface release noxious gases to the atmosphere, water picks up oxygen while circulating at the surface and brings this oxygenated water back down to the bottom where the bacteria can thrive and oxidize more quickly.
Natural bacteria are stimulated by aeration and circulation and they will feed on muck, organics and the food that normally feeds algae blooms or aquatic plants growth. Using aeration and bacteria is often a safe and sound form of pollution removal.